A few simple rules will help you get rid of problems.
Frost, harsh winds and dry air - the winter months can be quite harsh on our skin. It is important that at this time of the year it is necessary to change the approach to care if you want a minimum of problems with it. If you don't do this, your skin will most likely become dry and cracked, which can be quite uncomfortable and even painful. "Championship" consulted with a dermatologist Maria Vasilyeva and learned what to do to look and feel the best, even in winter.
What problems can arise with the skin in winter?
Dry skin of the face and hands. When winter comes, the air becomes drier, which spoils the skin. To combat this, you need to replace conventional moisturizers with "heavier" ones. A thick moisturizer should be applied daily to heal and prevent dry skin. Apply it in the morning within minutes of getting out of the shower for maximum absorption. If dry skin is gradually leaving you, here's another great tip to keep it in shape: Use a moisturizer. A humidifier is an excellent preventative measure, as it again increases the humidity of dry air in the home.
Dry hands are one of the most common problems we face during the cold winter months. The weather often leaves them chapped and irritated. Always protect your hands from cold air by wearing gloves when you go outside. Another tip: moisturize your hands after washing. The soap removes the oil produced by your skin. It also helps to keep your hands soft. So always have a moisturizer on hand.
Cracked lips. To keep your lips soft and supple, protect them with lip balm with beeswax or lanolin for extra hydration. The skin on our lips is very delicate and can dry out quickly if not cared for!
Rough skin of the legs. Yes, even legs can get hurt during the winter. The cold, dry air makes them rough and cracked. Rough, dry feet should be exfoliated and moisturized regularly to keep them soft, too. You can use a pumice stone in the shower to remove dead particles. Then, as soon as you get out of the shower, apply a moisturizer.
And this is just a small list of the problems that arise from the cold. Even rather unpleasant diagnoses may appear, which will force you to visit a dermatologist more than once.
Maria: In winter, the skin needs special care, as it experiences aggressive environmental factors (heating, which dries out the skin, temperature differences after leaving a warm room and the frost itself), so we can face such diseases as dyshidrotic eczema or xerosis of the skin. Particular attention should be paid to protecting the skin from the sun, especially when there is snow outside, since, reflecting from the snow, the sun's rays easily penetrate the skin, exacerbating pigmentation or other sun-dependent dermatoses.
How to help your skin stay beautiful even in winter?
Drink plenty of water. It would seem such a banal advice, but so universal. When it's cold outside, we often forget to drink enough water throughout the day, which is why the low humidity will surely deprive our poor skin of moisture. Enjoy warm winter teas such as a blend of natural ginger and lemon as a great way to stay hydrated in winter.
Choose your cleanser carefully.Many makeup removers and moisturizers contain harsh chemicals that can be harmful rather than nourishing. Ingredients such as rubbing alcohol and any fragrances will not do any good for dry, chapped skin as they remove natural oils. Cream-based cleansers will help lock in moisture while removing daytime dirt and makeup.
Maria: The skin needs additional moisture, be sure to apply a moisturizer 15-20 minutes before going outside (as much as your skin needs), also do not forget about home care (moisturizing masks 1-2 times a week). If dry or tightness develops, use moisturizing gels and toning solutions (according to your skin's needs).
Don't get carried away by the shower. When it's cold outside, it's tempting to warm up and take a long hot shower or bath. However, this is a big problem. Excessively hot water not only dehydrates you but also removes all the essential oils from your body. If you've stepped out of the shower and your skin is irritatingly red and itchy, this is a sign that you've overdone it.
Use a natural moisturizer and apply immediately after washing. Apply a facial moisturizer and body lotion. We recommend oil based products rather than water based products to retain important moisturizers in your skin.
Protect yourself from the elements. Winter is undoubtedly tougher on the skin than summer. We may have a pocket-sized essential lip balm to take care of dry chapped lips, but that's not enough. The combination of low humidity and strong, piercing winds can lead to terribly dry skin, so be sure to wrap yourself up. A scarf and gloves are essential to protect the hands and delicate skin of the neck.
And remember that sunscreen can (and even should!) Be used not only in summer! Dermatologists recommend using a cream with an SPF of at least 30. The Skin Cancer Institute advises reapplying it every two hours and immediately after heavy sweating.
Don't forget about vitamins. In winter, the body lacks vitamins, which are vital for good health, including healthy skin.
One of the most important vitamins in winter is vitamin D. It is formed in our skin after exposure to sunlight, and is also found in oily fish (mackerel, tuna and sardines), mushrooms, fortified dairy and non-dairy substitutes. The body needs vitamin D to maintain health and fight infections. The irony is that in winter, when people need it most, most of us don't get it.
Maria: Before you start taking a vitamin, you need to take a blood test and find out its level, then consult a doctor and choose the optimal dosage based on the results. I also recommend vitamins such as Omega-3 and Aevit for patients with dry skin.