Did you know that professional fighters have the unique ability to lose a lot of kilos in a minimum amount of time? Alexey Alekhin tells about all the metamorphoses that occur with the athlete's body before the fight. Let's just agree: not repeating is dangerous.
One of the most impressive skills of professional fighters is the ability to quickly lose a lot of weight. Every professional boxer or MMA fighter must meet the limit of his weight category one day before the fight. The trick is to regain the lost amount of kilograms after weighing in and be stronger than your opponent on the day of the fight. However, just meeting the limit is not enough, you need to have time to recover, be fresh, tough and ready to fight.
For some athletes, the combat weight may differ significantly from the real one. So, the famous boxer Konstantin Tszyu was the champion in the first welterweight weight (63.5 kilograms), but between fights his weight could reach 80 kilograms. At the official weigh-in before the fight with Diosbelis Hurtado, Constantine weighed 63 kilograms, and on the day of the fight itself - 71.2 kilograms. The body's ability to withstand such a serious weight loss is very individual, and in many ways it was she who became one of the reasons that Tszyu fought very rarely, once a year.
“You seem to be suffering, but on the day of the fight, after gaining weight, you become heavier and more athletic than your opponent. This gives you an edge. So the fight starts long before entering the ring,”says Andriy Ivichuk, trainer of boxers and MMA fighters. Ivichuk controls the process of "cutting" the weight of his fighters and knows everything about how to approach the fight in optimal shape.
Among his students are UFC title contender Ali Bagautinov, world kickboxing champion Alexei Papin and winner of the Fight in the City reality show, boxer Georgy Chelokhsaev, who, according to the coach, is able to drive four to five kilograms per day without any problems. George's track record in professional boxing looks like this: ten wins, eight knockouts, one defeat and one draw. Chelokhsaev performs in the first welterweight (63.5 kilograms), fights from three to five fights a year and always fits into the limit of his weight category.
Andrey Ivichuk, trainer of boxers and MMA fighters:
- Between fights, Zhora, as a rule, weighs 69 kilograms, so we usually drive about six to seven kilograms. If the process is approached seriously and consciously, then everything goes without much suffering. The more kilograms remain on the last day, the more kilos will be returned. If you go on a diet for a long time and do everything gradually, then very little comes back, as the body adapts and gets used to the weight. And when you lose four kilograms in one day, then in a day you gain six.
Thus, on the day of the battle, George weighs 66-67 kilograms.
Weight reduction starts seven to ten days before the fight (everything is individual here). The fighter starts drinking a lot of water. The exact amount of fluid consumed depends directly on the weight category of the athlete - Zhora, for example, ten days before the fight begins to drink five to six liters a day.
Then the amount of water decreases, and the closer the fight, the less fluid the athlete should receive. The day before weighing, he generally stops drinking and eating anything. After all, the more you drink, the more water leaves the body. On these days, you need to follow a diet and reduce the amount of calories consumed.
No salt, nothing spicy and sweet. It is necessary to eat five times a day, in small portions. In the morning, you can eat porridge in water with fruit, then white meat - chicken, turkey, vegetables or fruits again. Tea, coffee - all drinks must be sugar-free.
When there is very little left to "drive", you can take a bath with salt or go to the sauna. This method is suitable for those cases when the strength to train is no longer there. It is clear that this is a crazy stress for the body. But this is a sport, and you can't do without sacrifice.
We can say that we are working exclusively on weight. The loads during this period are reduced, since the risk of injury increases, moreover, due to the lack of glucose, irritability and nervousness appear. So, intensive training will only exacerbate the problem, and the fighter will approach the fight in a terrible psychological and physical condition.
Recovering from weighing is a whole process that, ideally, should be overseen by a nutritionist. The main thing is to make up for the lack of fluid in the body. We use rehydron or its analogs. You dilute the drug with water and drink from three to four liters per day. Plus you need carbohydrates - high-calorie food that gives you energy. Bananas and pasta work well.
Most of my fighters lose somewhere in the five to eight kilos. Of those with whom I worked, Vladimir Mineev drove out the most.
His greatest weight was 98 kilograms, but before the fight with Boris Miroshnichenko, he weighed 77 kilograms. It was very hard. Europeans, Americans and Brazilians race a lot more. It seems to me that their average difference between combat weight and real weight is about 15 kilograms.
UFC fighter Gleison Tibau, who fought with Khabib Nurmagomedov, "goes down" from 90 kilograms to 70 kilograms. I think that Luke Rockhold, Chris Weidman, Tim Kennedy, performing in the middle weight (83.9 kilograms), drive 15-20 kilograms. They even visually change a lot.
Georgy Chelokhsaev, WBO world champion among youth in the light welterweight (63.5 kilograms). Fight in the City reality show winner:
Between fights, I weigh about 69 kilograms (my biggest weight is 73 kilograms). Usually I eat whatever I want, the only thing is I try to limit myself to sweets. For ten days before the fight, I lose about six to seven kilograms. I cannot say that it is especially difficult for me. It's only difficult for the last couple of days, but you can be patient. More often than not, I even have a "reserve" of 500 grams. Once I had to drive nine kilograms in nine days - from 71 to 62 kilograms. It was a fight in Kaliningrad.
Before weighing in, my nerves were on edge. I was very thirsty. After that I immediately drank one and a half liters of juice. And he won the fight by knockout in the second round.
The week before the fight, I am very irritable. The hardest thing is the day before weigh-in - I don't drink or eat at all. In the last two days before the fight, I sleep very badly: all thoughts are only about food. At this time, I subscribe on Instagram to a bunch of publics about all sorts of sweets and goodies. I watch and imagine how I eat it all. And after the fight I immediately unsubscribe. Because it is already becoming uninteresting.