How The Standards Of Female Beauty Changed From The 15th To The 20th Century

How The Standards Of Female Beauty Changed From The 15th To The 20th Century
How The Standards Of Female Beauty Changed From The 15th To The 20th Century

Video: How The Standards Of Female Beauty Changed From The 15th To The 20th Century

Video: How Women's Perfect Body Types Changed Throughout History 2022, November
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What did it mean to be beautiful in the Middle Ages? What do Rubens' paintings and contemporary plus size models have in common? At what point in human history did women place their stake not on beauty, but on freedom? Anastasia Postrigai, art critic, founder of the @op_pop_art school of popular art and author of the book Falling in Love with Art: From Rembrandt to Andy Warhol, will answer these questions in her regular column for bazaar.ru. Together with our columnist, we are trying to track, through the iconic works of famous artists, how the ideals of female appearance have changed over the long centuries of the last millennium. XV century In the distant Middle Ages, the body was perceived as a case for the soul, and it was considered a sin to demonstrate the beauty of this case. Under dense, tightly closed clothes, it was difficult to see how your chosen one was folded. But it was, however, not important: the main criterion of beauty was … the skin! Terrible diseases left stains not only on her, but also on the female future. Therefore, they drank water, as they say, from the face - preferably clean, untouched by all kinds of medieval infections. And the point here is not at all in aesthetics: this is how men calculated girls who could give birth to healthy heirs. 16th century In the Renaissance, everything that looked healthy was considered ideal. Therefore, the beauties were not thin and not fat, but always with sloping shoulders and a slightly noticeable tummy. The fashion for light skin has not disappeared anywhere: now the main enemy of female beauty has been declared tan - a sign of ignoble origin. Lovers of soaking up the sun risked not only their appearance and the prospects of marriage, but also their lives: the cosmetics we were used to did not exist, and everything that could whiten the skin contained deadly lead. 17th century By the 17th century, the ideals of beauty reached plus size. The great Rubens, it seems, did not write a single skinny woman in his entire career - and to this day we call puffy beauties "Rubensian". It must have been a good time when cellulite was not a reason for condemnation and cruel jokes, but a sign of a "well-fed" life and beauty. XVIII century 100 years after Rubens, the ladies decided that there is nothing more beautiful than youth, with its pink cheeks, thin waist and small legs. Therefore, blush, tight corsets and shoes with curved heels ascended the fashionable pedestal. The outfits began to resemble cakes with whipped cream and cream roses, and real coquettes were hidden behind this deliberate decor - for them "naturally" was synonymous with the word "ugly". The beginning of the 19th century However, at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, something strange happened: women suddenly abandoned the once necessary, but in fact completely inhuman wardrobe item - a corset. Women of fashion were inspired by the ideals of Antiquity, and ancient ladies could not even think that clothes could mercilessly squeeze their ribs - this is unnatural! Therefore, contemporaries of Napoleon Bonaparte had an amazing honor: they fell in love with beauties free from the steel embrace of fashion. But several years have passed - and fashion has won back its right to do anything with a woman's silhouette, even in spite of the initial data. XIX century In the era of the artist Karl Bryullov, romantic natures were considered the first beauties. They always wore a corset, sensually bared their shoulders and curled playful curls at their temples, and at the balls they fanned themselves languidly, putting on a dreamy look and shooting ardent glances at handsome gentlemen. The beginning of the 20th century In the ideal female silhouette of the beginning of the 20th century, lines are guessed that after half a century will become a feature of Marilyn Monroe: a magnificent bust, thin waist, expressive hips - an admission ticket to the ranks of beauties. It was a time of intense femininity, where progress came on its heels. And while the ladies were lacing up the corsets again, one very talented man figured out how to get rid of this torment from the steamer of modernity. The man was the fashion designer Paul Poiret, and he showed the world that women's dresses can be cut in the same way as men's shirts: loosely and according to a natural figure.XX century Ideas Poiret picked up the whirlpool of history: the First World War made women forget about beauty and remember about convenience. But the war was over, and I didn't want to return to the old ideals. The era of "The Great Gatsby" gave us a new type of femininity: boyishly mischievous, bright, free. Flapper girls cut their hair short, moved quickly, lived swiftly. But this ideal became the last big coin in the piggy bank of beauty standards: over the past hundred years, nothing new has been invented in the requirements for female appearance. Marilyn Monroe would be considered a beauty, and at the beginning of the 20th century, Edie Sedgwick, Andy Warhol's muse, would become the ideal heroine of Fitzgerald, and modern plus size models are begging for Rubens' paintings. History seems to be trying to hint to us: you can't keep up with the ideal, and on sharp turns you can miss the main thing - yourself and your unique beauty.

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