Pigmented spots, especially on the face, are rarely able to cause affection, especially among their owners. The only exceptions are freckles. Babies covered with cannabis are said to be "kissed by the sun." And smart rising "stars" like Emma Watson, the main know-it-all from "Gary Potter", make freckles their "feature", gladly showing them on the covers of world magazines. However, these tiny age spots really rarely spoil anyone and do not pose any threat to health. They are especially pronounced with the arrival of spring, more often in people with light and red hair. And over the years, they begin to fade and even disappear altogether.
However, in addition to freckles, there are several other types of so-called hyperpigmentation, both in women and in men, from which they try to get rid of at any cost, and not always successfully. These include age spots with such difficult-to-pronounce names as chloasma (symmetrical beige spots on the face and other parts of the body); lentigo (brown spots of a rounded shape with a clear border); vetiligo (spots generally devoid of pigment) and even a vagus nevus are moles that from time to time tend to change their "dislocation".
Do not even try to determine them yourself, only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis. Including with the help of special research methods. Since age spots almost always signal some deep malfunction in the body, you will still have to deal with them with the help of a therapist, or a gynecologist, gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, etc. But to remove external manifestations, to cleanse the face and body from pigmentation is a task for cosmetologists. Such special cosmetic procedures should only be performed in specialized clinics by experienced professionals. When choosing a method of treatment, many factors are taken into account: the zone of location and nature of the spot, its shape and size, indications and contraindications to a specific method in each patient.
“The problem of skin pigmentation can occur at any age, but most often it manifests itself after 30-35 years, as a rule, after excessive sun exposure. Excessive production of pigment is also provoked by endocrine disorders and skin trauma. " - Aigul Zakhirova, a dermatovenerologist, a cosmetologist of the EPILAS network of medical centers, told SP.
Indeed, regular overdose of ultraviolet radiation, including when visiting a solarium, is one of the most common causes of pigmentation. According to the cosmetologist Olga Temnikova, spots can also appear when using certain contraceptives, antibiotics, or as a result of severe stress. Be the result of hormonal changes associated with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, the postpartum period, hormonal imbalance due to any disease.
To clarify the diagnosis, according to Temnikova, the doctor may prescribe additional tests and analyzes:
general and biochemical blood tests;
analyzes of urine and feces;
Ultrasound of internal organs;
a blood test for various infections;
study of the neoplasm for the presence of cancer cells.
Mechanical damage to the skin, which is also accompanied by pigmentation, occurs with improper treatment of acne, severe furunculosis, burns, or may be the result of gross violations of standards during the cosmetic procedures themselves - chemical peeling, laser resurfacing, etc.
A very important and unfriendly factor is the natural aging of the skin.After 50 years, and even earlier, some people have characteristic age spots on their face, neck, hands. As a result of the active synthesis of melanin and its uneven distribution in the layers of the skin, as well as age-related changes in the hormonal balance. Such a condition usually does not pose a danger to a person, says the therapist, specialist in family medicine Tatyana Tavolzhanskaya, but requires more careful monitoring of the state of health.
If, as a result of the studies carried out, doctors come to the conclusion that the cause of pigmentation is associated with the identified disease, then first of all, its treatment is necessary. And in some cases, you can get rid of visual consequences using cosmetic methods. “For patients with this problem, cosmetic preparations containing ascorbic or kojic acid are selected, both for home and professional care. Peeling and laser skin whitening are the most effective cosmetic procedures. The procedures give a pronounced effect in the course of passing, on average, five procedures are required. For the entire period of treatment, it is necessary to use a cream with spf protection, and to avoid direct insolation as much as possible,”recalls Aigul Zakhirova, dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist of the EPILAS network of medical centers.
Recall that the result of the action of peeling, both ultrasonic and chemical, which is carried out using various acids - azelaic, glycolic, fruit, etc. - regeneration of the epidermis should become, in other words, skin renewal and its whitening.
For laser peeling, special equipment is required, with the help of a laser beam the upper layer of the skin is removed, the mechanisms of its renewal and rejuvenation are triggered, elasticity increases, and the skin color becomes beautiful and even. The method is considered to be the most progressive and gentle, but after the procedure, as a rule, a rehabilitation period is required, during which it is necessary to use special healing agents and follow other recommendations of the cosmetologist for care. It is important to remember that laser peeling cannot be carried out in spring or summer, the ideal time is winter, when the effect of solar radiation on our skin is practically nil. But the aggressive summer sun can, on the contrary, complicate the rehabilitation process and lead to the appearance of new spots.
By the way
Which Hollywood stars are dissatisfied with the condition of their skin
Even Keira Knightley's excellent makeup can not always hide the marks of the rash. According to cosmetologists, this is a consequence of the excessive amount of makeup that the actress has to constantly use during filming. In an interview, Keira Knightley admitted that acne began to haunt her from the age of 24, but instead of professional help, the actress chose the "folk" method and began to actively sunbathe. As a result, age spots were added to the inflammation on Knightley's face.
Regular training under the scorching sun caused tennis player Maria Sharapova to have permanent skin problems. Pigmentation spots, frequent rashes and oily sheen are not even able to mask makeup. According to the site nastroenie.tv, Sharapova fights flaws in all available ways, regularly visits a beautician, and uses tonics with acids at home.
Cameron Diaz has been fighting acne all her life. Over time, trips to cosmetologists and a healthy diet did their job, but the actress's skin is still far from ideal.
Alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, constant lack of sleep - the way of life led by Britney Spears, which could not but affect the condition of her skin. They say that the best cosmetologists in Hollywood fought with this problem. Spears has repeatedly resorted to laser face resurfacing. This certainly helped her skin, but if the singer does not change her regime, the result is unlikely to last long.
Victoria Beckham hides age spots and skin irregularities under the layers of make-up.As the former spice girl herself admits, she has been fighting acne all her life, but without much result. Suddenly her own age came to her aid. After 45 years, Victoria noticed that acne gradually began to disappear on its own. And now, removing his traces is a task for cosmetologists, to whom the Hollywood celebrity now goes to work.